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this country is too low-key.
Recently, the old artist was moved by the news that “Germans open bakeries in China”.
The news is about a German couple who are enthusiastic about public welfare. In order to solve the living difficulties of hearing-impaired people, they came all the way to China to open a bakery, recruit deaf mute people as apprentices and teach them to make bread for free.
△ screenshot of a German couple’s bakery / microblog to help the deaf mute
In the era when the soft European bread in this online black milk tea shop could be sold for 20 or 30 yuan, the bread price in this shop was still in single digits. If only love is used to generate electricity, it may not be enough to support the bakery to open for the ninth year.
In addition to being warm and affordable, this bakery called bar Hershey point also has pure products worthy of the word delicious. The fresh top brand – cinnamon roll will even make people cry.
Perhaps when it comes to German cuisine, most people automatically think of potatoes, sausages and beer. After all, in the 2018 World Cup, the German team rushed to Russia with “18000 liters of beer, 700 kg of sausage and 300 kg of potatoes”.
△ German sausage and cheese / wiki
However, bread also makes Germans proud. A German magazine once conducted a survey and asked readers what they are proud of in Germany? In addition to the pig liver sausage, the only thing left was German black bread.
“Potatoes are the German body and beer is the German spirit. Thick black bread is the German soul. “
△ German bread is very thick / wiki
Therefore, ah, in the real European package territory, the Russian Grand Leba, which is famous for its bad taste, and the French baguette, which speaks for temperament, should stand aside. German bread is the first in the world.
Bread, an important symbol of German culture
It is well known that Germany is a typical meat eater. Its average annual pork consumption is as high as 65 kg per person, ranking first in the world.
But in the end of bread, the Germans can pull the average annual consumption to 90 kg per person, which makes Italy with amazing wheat production and France, which “live like a year without bread”.
△ Germans consume a lot of bread every year / YouTube
According to the data of the German consumer research association, in 2018, Germans ate nearly 1.7 million tons of bread with 4.28 billion euros. On average, every German goes to the bakery nearly 50 times a year. They will destroy the bread they buy back at the rate of 4 to 5 a day.
Some foreign students summed up a German day as follows: breakfast is bread with jam, and lunch is bread with sausage. In the evening, the bread was still the same bread, but its CP was replaced by cheese slices.
Water ingredients, iron bread, bread contracted the German three meals a day, but also contracted the German daily expression.
Bread is indispensable to the German table
Bread is written as brot in German. There are not too many words and phrases with this root. For example, in German, ABENDBROT in the evening refers to “dinner”, and brotzeit refers to “snack time between meals”. It’s right to describe a commodity as selling like sliced bread.
Like the United States and France, bread is also linked to livelihood. Getting bread means “work”; Sein brot haben stands for “finding a job”; Schweres brot means “difficult work”.
Germans often use bread and salt to express “indispensable food”. In the Slavic tradition, offering bread and salt for guests to eat with bread dipped in salt is the highest form of hospitality.
△ sprinkle salt grains when making German soda bread / YouTube
In Germany, bread and salt, which symbolize harvest and prosperity, also play an important role in daily social life. For example, in a pure German wedding, the bride’s accompanying list must have salt and bread that can bring good luck and wealth to the groom.
At the wedding, the bride and groom will share a briquette bread, which also represents the German vision of marriage: it can be intertwined and retain their independent personality.
△ bunched bread in the shape of a knot represents Germany’s beautiful vision of marriage / unsplash
If a friend moves, people will also send bread and salt to express their blessing. This is not only a popular practice, but also an official contract. It is said that when the world bank’s new office in Berlin was completed, the German government presented a simple but profound gift of “bread and salt”.
For Germans, bread is not only a food for satiety, but also a spiritual totem condensing culture and customs. They even set up a festival for bread – the last Friday of September is German bread and butter day.
In 2015, the Germans finally put their beloved bread on the intangible cultural heritage list. The country that established the world’s first bread Museum in Ulm, Einstein’s hometown, successfully sold Amway to the United Nations.
△ bread Museum in Ulm / wiki
In the promotion of bread, the Germans can be regarded as having the same energy as eating bread – no matter how far they go, they have to carry this hometown flavor in their bags. Even during the Chaotic World War II, there was a bread company in the German logistics force. This company of 131 people does nothing but make bread for the whole army all day.
△ German field bakery during the war / wiki
Now, the German obsession of not giving up a mouthful of bread has rushed out of the earth and into the universe.
During the Gemini 3 manned flight, a beef sandwich carried by American astronauts almost caused tragedy. In the microgravity cabin, food debris will float in all directions, which can be sucked by astronauts and lead to machine failure. This is why bread will be permanently blackened by space meals.
In order to satisfy the German stomach that would rather die than give up bread, the bold bakers of art experts have devoted themselves to the development of crumb free space bread. In the matter of eating bread, only the Germans have really achieved “no conditions, create conditions also”.
It’s so simple and low-key
Bread can’t be made without wheat flour. However, Germany obviously has an advantage over France and Italy in planting wheat.
△ wheat growing land in Germany / unsplash
The German plain is mostly concentrated in the north with cold and rainy climate, while the South with sunshine conditions for wheat growth is mostly River Valley, which makes wheat planting very limited.
Without the natural conditions for heaven to enjoy food, would the German people not eat bread? Where wheat can’t be planted, isn’t it fragrant to plant rye, rye, barley, oats and buckwheat?
Therefore, the German people raised the creative hammer, broke the thinking that bread must be made of wheat flour, and gave many possibilities of bread making from the source. Wheat can make bread. Can’t I make rye? Put what you have in grains and cereals. A traditional bread called dinkel kartoffelbrot spelt tells you that even potatoes can become one of the raw materials for bread making.
△ speart bread made of potatoes / unsplash
In addition to rich raw materials, another reason why Germans eat bread in a variety is due to the hundreds of years of local separatist history. Before Bismarck unified Germany, there were many princes in Germany. At one time, there were as many as 100 principalities, city states and free cities. They play their own games, even making bread only according to their own rules.
In this way, a hundred people have a hundred kinds of bread. When the iron blood Prime Minister turned them into a family, Germany became the region with the most varieties of bread for a time.
With the continuous development and growth on the amazing base, there are more than 3200 kinds of German bread with official certification status only registered in the German bread Association.
△ there are many kinds of bread in German bakeries / wiki
According to their size, they are simply and roughly divided into two categories: those weighing less than 500g are called broetchen, and those reaching and exceeding 500g are called brot.
According to the raw materials, German bread can be divided into wheat bread refined by wheat endosperm, popular in southern cities such as Munich and known as white bread; It is made of wheat flour containing bran and rye, whole wheat bread loved by fat reducing people, and rye bread made of rye flour.
Among them, the most German characteristic is the traditional black bread. Black bread was born in North Rhine Westphalia in western Germany. It is one of the most popular bread in Germany.
This is called “the healthiest bread in the world” by the Germans. The raw materials are simple enough to move people. There are only three kinds of crude rye flour, salt and water. Berries are added in some areas to make the bread more sour.
△ black and solid bread looks full / unsplash
After mixing the above three materials, the dough needs to stand for eight hours, and then bake at a low temperature of about 104 degrees for 24 hours. Long time baking makes the black bread fully dehydrated and can last for a year and a half without adding preservatives. It was resistant to hunger and release, which made black bread once used as war preparedness supplies and military grain.
Because it is fermented by sour dough, compared with other bread, it is highly sour and personalized in taste. In addition, the rough taste of rye is like “rotten wood residue” for people who can’t appreciate it.
The Germans, who always follow the original taste and can enjoy even raw pork shreds, love this bite alone.
△ although German bread looks very rough, it is deeply loved by Germans / history of eating
Even black bread has advanced money. When the content of rye flour in the raw material is as high as 90%, the baked rye bread is called pumpernickel. It is said that Napoleon once took a bite and almost died in situ. He was angry and said: this thing can only be used to feed horses. One can imagine the taste.
However, not all German bread is as simple, healthy and boring as black bread. After all, people also have unique flavor and creativity, such as pretzel with alkali water, stollen with all kinds of dried fruits, and Berliner with fried bread sprinkled with sugar powder and jam.
△ Christmas bread stolon / unsplash
The German bread Association selects an annual bread every year, from whole wheat bread in 2018 to farmers’ bread in 2019, all of which are pure bread respected by Germany.
Refuse to use food additives that make bread lose its flavor, and frame the ingredients in the basic items of flour, yeast, salt and water. In the eyes of old artists, purity is the essence of German bread.
△ the ingredients of pure bread are very simple / how good our bread is
The size and material of each kind of bread are strictly stipulated, and the rest is handed over to time.
Today, the Germans still follow the old admonition of “Ohne geduld Keine guten brotchen” and adhere to the traditional low-temperature and long-term baking method.
After all, for German bakers, the waiting time required to bake bread is hardly worth mentioning compared with the time required to become a baker.
△ bakers in Germany are making bread / worms
In Germany, it takes at least seven years of training to become a baker. Only after the three-year apprenticeship expires can we embark on the road of systematic professional learning. Only after four years of professional training can we obtain the qualification to participate in the professional examination.
Only after passing the master qualification examination and obtaining the license of bread baker can the road of bread professional begin.
Probably due to the long and arduous road of pursuing dreams, and the cost squeeze of semi industrial chain bakeries, German Handmade Bread began to fall into the market shrinkage and the talent crisis of no successor.
The German documentary “how good our bread is” once made such a comparison, insisting that the hand-made bakery can only produce 500 small bread per day, while the large bread factory can produce 25000 pieces per hour. The price of this kind of industrial bread, which is made of ready mixed powder and has an ultra long shelf life and even stronger flavor, is only half that of handmade bread.
△ the amount of bread produced by large bread factories is much larger than that made by hand / how great our bread is
Today, industrial bread has occupied 70% of the German market, in sharp contrast to the rapid development of the manual bread industry.
“Over the past three years, the number of apprentices in the baking industry has decreased by 4000, resulting in the closure of an average of 300 manual bakeries in Germany every year.”
Before it became history, the Handmade Bread representing pure German taste is worth more people to taste.
△ German bread, a kind of bread with character / unsplash
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